Career Insider Verbal Aptitude Test 0028

Instruction: Please read the statement below, and consider the content as being completely true. For each of the four conclusions that follow, please indicate whether it is necessary from the statement (select ‘Conclusion follows), or whether it is not a necessary conclusion from the statement (select ‘Conclusion does not follow’).

Question 1

Greater Chester School offers an after-school club exclusively for its own pupils, which has the capacity for 60%of the school’s children. There is always a waiting list, of which 90% is for children of full-time working mothers. This year, thirty-five percent of the children attending the club have Mums who work part-time, with a larger proportion having Mums working full-time; and there are no children using the club whose Mums do not work. Children who attend the club have a reading age above the national average.

  1. The waiting list for the after-school club includes some children of part-time or non-working mothers.
  2. Children who attend the after-school club have a better reading age than children who do not.
  3. Mothers who work full-time do not have as much time to read with their children as mothers who do not work.
  4. Some working mothers make arrangements for their children after school other than attending the club.

 

Question 2

In the UK supermarket industry, customer loyalty has been decreasing year on year for the past 5 years. Customers’ shopping habits are now influenced by a combination of price and choice. Consumers are choosing to shop at the new smaller supermarkets, which offer discounted prices on a reduced range of products, over the long-established major supermarkets that offer much greater choice but at a higher price.

  1. The major supermarkets have more choice than newer discounted supermarkets
  2. Part of the change in consumers’ supermarket shopping behaviors is financially driven.
  3. Consumers no longer like shopping in large supermarkets.
  4. Until 5 years ago, consumers preferred to shop in one particular supermarket for their food.

 

Question 3

Over half of the new businesses that have started up since the financial crisis in 2008 have failed within the first 5 years of trading. The construction industry has been the hardest hit with the lowest 5-year post-crisis survival rate at 44%. The main reasons for the increased failure rate are complex tax regulations, the lack of banking lending, and the administration costs of running a business.

  1. A. Business administration costs have increased significantly since 2008.
  2. Less than half of new start-up businesses failed within 5 years before 2018.
  3. Since 2008, the 5-year failure rate for new businesses has not exceeded 60%in any specific industry.
  4. The majority of construction companies survived at least 5 years before 2018.

 

Question 4

The number of students who are taking a gap year before starting work is increasing year on year by approximately 20%, and this year the figure reached 2.5 million. Whilst the majority of students choosing to travel do so after university before starting work, the largest percentage increase is for students who travel post A-levels before starting university. Rather than traveling for a year, ‘snap gaps’, which have an average length of 54 days, are becoming increasingly popular with students. Eighty-five percent of snap gaps are taken by pre-university students.

  1. 15% of post-university students take snap gaps.
  2. More students are traveling before university than after university.
  3. Current trends suggest that 3 million students will take a gap year next year.
  4. Snap gaps are more popular with pre-university than post-university students.

 

Instruction: If you think that the proposed conclusion follows beyond a reasonable doubt (even though it may not be fully substantiated by the information in the statement), select ‘Conclusion follows; If you think that the conclusion does not follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the information provided, select ‘Conclusion does not follow’. beyond a reasonable doubt (based on reason and common sense)

Question 1

Ellora Munroe is one of the most prolific painters of our era. One private collection is estimated to house over 50% of her still life paintings. The National Art Gallery exhibits the UK’s largest publically-viewable collection of Munroe’s work, including her celebrated abstract depiction of the Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Olympics.

  1. 50% of Munroe’s paintings are unavailable for public viewing.
  2. Some private collectors prefer certain styles of Munroe’s work over others.
  3. The exhibition in the National Art Gallery has less than half of Munroe’s paintings.
  4. Exhibits of Munroe’s work can be seen in other countries.

 

Question 2

In 1975, 15% of working adults had worked for the same employer for over 30 years, and moving between employers was relatively uncommon. A further 45% of the working adult population had been with their employer for over 20 years. By 2014, these patterns were more or less reversed: only 15% of working adults had been with the same employer for over 20 years and 40% of working adults had spent less than 3 years with any single employer.

  1. In 1975, 60% of adults of working age were in employment.
  2. In 2014, 40% of working adults change jobs every 3 years.
  3. In 1975, 60% of employees had been with the same employer for at least 20 years.
  4. In 2014, 60% of working adults had been with an employer for at least 3 years.

 

Question 3

In 1986, 90% of sun-seeking holiday-makers opted for a half-board or full-boar hotel package, the latter being the most profitable, the remaining 10% chose self-catering. During the 1990s, ‘All inclusive’ holidays become more readily available in the holiday market. The profitability of this type of holiday increased year on year, and an industry trend report in 2014 showed that All Inclusive holidays accounted for the largest proportion of annual overseas package holidays taken from the UK.

  1. Self-catering holidays were the least profitable holidays in 1986.
  2. All inclusive holidays were not available in 1986.
  3. All inclusive holidays increased in popularity and profitability between the 1990s and 2014.
  4. CF All inclusive holidays are now more profitable than full-board package holidays.

 

Question 4

In 2003, a congestion charge was introduced in London. By 2006, traffic in the city centre was reduced by 21%, which equated to approximately 70,000 cars being left at home each day. Of those drivers who left their cars at home, half of them opted for public transport; 30% chose to avoid traveling to the congestion zone; and the remainder used lift-shares, motorbikes or bicycles. Bus journeys were up by 15% and taxi usage increased by 20%.

  1. In 2006, the use of public transport in the congestion zone had increased by 50% since the charge was introduced.
  2. Before the charge was introduced, over 300,000 cars traveled through London’s congestion
    zone each day.
  3. In 2006, the number of bicycles used in the congestion zone had increased by 20% since the charge was introduced
  4. Underground train usage has increased since the charge as introduced

 

Instruction: For the purpose of this test, you are to regard each argument as true. You must decide whether each argument is strong or weak (select ‘Strong argument‘ or ‘Weak argument’). For an argument to be strong, it must be both important and directly related to the question.

Question 1

Should all employers allow employees time each week during working hours for charitable work so that many good causes benefit from volunteers’ time?

  1. No, because research shows that employees who volunteer during working hours are less productive in the remaining working hours of the week compared to non-volunteers.
  2. No, because few people cite long working hours as the reason why they are unable to support charities with their time.
  3. Yes, because over 50% of employees report that they are more likely to stay with an employer that allows its workforce to donate time to charitable causes.
  4. Yes, because three-quarters of charities report being able to significantly extend the reach of their work in areas where employers allow staff time off for volunteering.

 

Question 2

Should Health and Safety departments impose rules on employees obliging them to wear protective equipment to minimize the frequency of workplace accidents and maximize productivity?

  1. No, protective clothing limits the severity of workplace accidents but does not reduce the frequency.
  2. No, workplace satisfaction decreases when a dress code is imposed on all employees, and unsatisfied employees are sometimes less motivated than their satisfied counterparts.
  3. Yes, wearing protective equipment has been shown to reduce workplace grievances, especially those related to work conditions.
  4. Yes, employees who currently wear protective equipment take fewer days of sick leave than those who do not wear protective equipment.

 

Question 3

Should scientists be spending limited research into the universe when we have so many uncured diseases on earth?

  1. Yes, because the study of the universe is likely to broaden our understanding of how the human body works and will, therefore, contribute to the development of new medicines.
  2. Yes, because if we were to limit the research into the universe this would prevent us from learning about other planets, which often gets young people interested in scientific fields.
  3. No, because the cost of developing effective new medications is relatively low compared with the cost of deploying and maintaining spacecraft to explore the universe.
  4. No, because biomedical sciences get women into a specific career whereas very few women chose to become astrophysicists.

 

Question 4

Should zero-hour contracts be banned in the UK to increase financial stability and job security?

  1. Yes, many of those employed on zero-hour contracts are under 25 or over 65, and these individuals are less financially stable than other age groups.
  2. Yes, 2.3% of the UK workforce are employed on zero-hour contracts, therefore it affects a significant proportion of the population.
  3. No, banning zero-hour contracts would damage the UK economy and consequently decrease the financial stability of all employees.
  4. No, zero-hour contracts have been a successful way to address the labor shortage in times of economic stability.

 

Test Solutions

 

Deducing Conclusions

Question 1

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— A, D; Conclusion does not follow —— B, C

Question 2

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— A, B, D; Conclusion does not follow —— C

Question 3

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— A, C; Conclusion does not follow —— B, D

Question 4

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— C, D; Conclusion does not follow —— A, B

 

Evaluating Evidence

Question 1

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— A, B, C; Conclusion does not follow —— D

Question 2

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— A, C, D; Conclusion does not follow —— B

Question 3

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— B, C; Conclusion does not follow —— A, D

Question 4

Suggested solution:Conclusion follows —— B, D; Conclusion does not follow —— A, C

 

Judging Arguments

Question 1

Suggested solution:Strong argument —— A, C; Weak argument —— B, D

Question 2

Suggested solution:Strong argument —— A, C; Weak argument —— B, D

Question 3

Suggested solution:Strong argument —— A; Weak argument —— B, C, D

Question 4

Suggested solution:Strong argument —— A, C; Weak argument —— B, D