Career Insider Critical Aptitude Test 0004

Drawing logical inferences Questions 1-4

In making your decision, please use your own common sense and take into account any commonly held knowledge that almost everyone knows to be true  (select ‘True‘, ‘Probably true’, ‘Cannot say’, ‘Probably false’, ‘False’).

Identify assumptions Questions 5-8

Below is a statement followed by four potential assumptions. For each potential assumption, please decide whether or not the assumption is actually being made in the statement (i.e., being taken for granted or accepted as true, justifiably or not) (select ‘Assumed‘ or ‘Not assumed’)

Question 1

In the 1980s it looked like the cinema might become a thing of the past in the UK. During a period that saw huge changes in technology, notably the TV and video recorder, annual cinema attendance went from an all-time high of 1.64 billion in 1946 to 55 million in 1984 – a drop of over 96%. Since 1984, sound and vision technology has advanced significantly, such as surround sound and 3D movies; meanwhile, increase in the price of a cinema ticket have remained well below inflation. This period has seen a 300% rise in annual cinema attendance.

  1. Increased ownership of TVs and video recorders resulted in a drop in cinema attendance.
  2. In 1946, the cinema was a main source of entertainment. 
  3. Cinema attendance has increased again because it is a relatively cheap night out.
  4. If it wasn’t for the advances in sound and vision technology, cinemas would have become obsolete. 

Question 2

The latest research suggests that obesity rates are lower in southern European countries that adopt a ‘Mediterranean-style diet’, high in vegetables, learn meats and heathy oils, even with a daily bread consumption. In comparison, obesity rates are three times as high in some northern European countries where diets are high in refined sugars and carbohydrates, including cakes, bread and pasta. The average consumption of alcohol per capita is higher in southern European countries.

  1. Southern European is a healthier place to live than northern European. 
  2. People who eat bread every day are at risk of gaining weight. 
  3. Alcohol consumption is associated with less healthy eating habits.
  4. Refined sugars and carbohydrates are more associated with weights gain than.

Question 3

Recent research suggests that people who take at least two holidays from work per year are less likely to have time off with a stress-related illness. A two-week break appears to be the optimal time for reducing stress; shorter or longer holidays lose some of their benefit on reducing stress levels. Interestingly, there is little difference between the benefits of a holiday at home versus an overseas holiday.

  1. One way to reduce stress-related absences from work is to ensure all employees take their holiday entitlement. 
  2. If employees are on holiday for longer than two weeks they may start to feel anxious about returning to work. 
  3. Holidays on your own are not as beneficial as holidays with friends or family. 
  4. Taking one week-long holiday each year does more harm than good.

Question 4

A recent medical research report suggests that the risk of high blood pressure increases as people get older, particularly for people over 45 who are in full-time management roles and work over 40 hours per week. The previous link between diet and blood pressure was not replicated by this research; instead, gender and working hours per week were more significant markers. Women, in particular, can reduce their risk of high blood pressure by exercising regularly.

  1. Women aged over 45 who do not exercise and who work more than 40 hours per week in a management role are at the greatest risk of high blood pressure.
  2. Managers may reduce the risk of high blood pressure by changing their working hours and exercise regime. 
  3. Some female managers over 45 will have high blood pressure 
  4. Men & Women over 45 who work part-time are unlikely to get high blood-pressure

Question 5

Jenny needs to produce the annul sales report for the external auditors by the end of the next week. The report has a section on the sales performance of each of the company’s six divisions. The deadline is tight, so she decides to allocate a different section to each of her six colleagues.

  1. It is important that the information in the report is accurate.
  2. Jenny has chosen colleagues that are more knowledgeable than her about the divisions’ performances.
  3. The report will be produced faster by sharing the writing between colleagues.
  4. Jenny does not like writing reports.

Question 6

One of the aims of a university education is to prepare students to participate effectively in their chosen career.

  1. Work-related skills can be taught at university.
  2. People who don’t go to university will not be as effective at work.
  3. Students are given the opportunity to develop skills that will be useful during their time at university.
  4. The subject that students study at university is less important than developing effective employment skills.

 

Question 7

Andrew plans to study for a Masters in Accounting because it would help him to progress in his career. Andrew has family responsibilities, so he has decided to study part-time so that he can continue to work. Whilst he knows this might entail studying in his evening or at weekends, it will be worth it in the long run.

  1. If Andrew achieves his Masters he will be able to earn a larger salary.
  2. It is cheaper for Andrew to study part-time than full-time.
  3. Andrew needs to continue earning money whilst he studies.
  4. Andrew would prefer to study full-time but it is not possible with his family commitments.

Question 8

The value of the tip that a person is expected to leave in a restaurant after a meal varies by country. Expectations vary greatly, from 20% in America to gratuities in the region of 5% in Spain, slightly more if the waiting staff are particularly helpful.

  1. Waiting staff in America are more helpful than those in Spain.
  2. Waiting staff in all countries expect a tip.
  3. Waiting staff in America have the largest expectation of tip size.
  4. Waiting staff in Spain are paid larger salaries than in America.

 

 

Test Solutions