Drawing logical inferences Questions 1-4
In making your decision, please use your own common sense and take into account any commonly held knowledge that almost everyone knows to be true (select ‘True‘, ‘Probably true’, ‘Cannot say’, ‘Probably false’, ‘False’).
Identify assumptions Questions 5-8
Below is a statement followed by four potential assumptions. For each potential assumption, please decide whether or not the assumption is actually being made in the statement (i.e., being taken for granted or accepted as true, justifiably or not) (select ‘Assumed‘ or ‘Not assumed’)
In the 1980s it looked like the cinema might become a thing of the past in the UK. During a period that saw huge changes in technology, notably the TV and video recorder, annual cinema attendance went from an all-time high of 1.64 billion in 1946 to 55 million in 1984 – a drop of over 96%. Since 1984, sound and vision technology has advanced significantly, such as surround sound and 3D movies; meanwhile, increase in the price of a cinema ticket have remained well below inflation. This period has seen a 300% rise in annual cinema attendance.
The latest research suggests that obesity rates are lower in southern European countries that adopt a ‘Mediterranean-style diet’, high in vegetables, learn meats and heathy oils, even with a daily bread consumption. In comparison, obesity rates are three times as high in some northern European countries where diets are high in refined sugars and carbohydrates, including cakes, bread and pasta. The average consumption of alcohol per capita is higher in southern European countries.
Recent research suggests that people who take at least two holidays from work per year are less likely to have time off with a stress-related illness. A two-week break appears to be the optimal time for reducing stress; shorter or longer holidays lose some of their benefit on reducing stress levels. Interestingly, there is little difference between the benefits of a holiday at home versus an overseas holiday.
A recent medical research report suggests that the risk of high blood pressure increases as people get older, particularly for people over 45 who are in full-time management roles and work over 40 hours per week. The previous link between diet and blood pressure was not replicated by this research; instead, gender and working hours per week were more significant markers. Women, in particular, can reduce their risk of high blood pressure by exercising regularly.
Jenny needs to produce the annul sales report for the external auditors by the end of the next week. The report has a section on the sales performance of each of the company’s six divisions. The deadline is tight, so she decides to allocate a different section to each of her six colleagues.
One of the aims of a university education is to prepare students to participate effectively in their chosen career.
Andrew plans to study for a Masters in Accounting because it would help him to progress in his career. Andrew has family responsibilities, so he has decided to study part-time so that he can continue to work. Whilst he knows this might entail studying in his evening or at weekends, it will be worth it in the long run.
The value of the tip that a person is expected to leave in a restaurant after a meal varies by country. Expectations vary greatly, from 20% in America to gratuities in the region of 5% in Spain, slightly more if the waiting staff are particularly helpful.